Guide to the U.S. Weather Bureau, Northfield Station, Records, 1887-1994
Norwich University Archives
158 Harmon Drive
Northfield, VT 05663
Phone: (802) 485-2947
Fax: (802) 485-2173
Creator United States. Weather Bureau Title U.S. Weather Bureau, Northfield Station, Records Dates 1887-1994 Extent 4 Boxes (4 linear feet)
About the Collection
The collection contains weather observer records, correspondence, weather reports in newspapers and press releases, news clippings, miscellaneous records, and U.S.D.A. weather publications. Additional information about the collection can be found in the content listing.
About the U.S. Weather Bureau, Northfield Station
Northfield, Vermont hosted an official U.S. weather service recording station from 1887 to 1966. The U.S. Signal Corps was responsible for observations from 1887-1891, the U.S. Weather Bureau from 1891-1943, and Norwich University from 1943 to 1966. The building now known as Ainsworth Hall was built in 1910 to house the weather station. In 1948, care of the building was turned over to Norwich University on the condition that the school continue to record weather observations for at least ten years. The building was used for faculty housing for three years before becoming the University’s administrative headquarters after remodeling in 1951. By 1955, however, administrative offices moved to Dewey Hall and the building was used to house the infirmary. The original Ainsworth Infirmary, built in 1915, had been recently demolished to make room for construction of Harmon Hall. The former weather bureau building was expanded to include additional space and facilities to aid in its new function as an infirmary and was renamed Ainsworth Infirmary. It was not until 1966, however, that Norwich gave up its weather observation responsibilities and the building officially became a part of the university. This collection contains no observer records prior to Norwich’s assumption of weather-recording responsibilities in 1943.
The following subjects are represented in this collection. If you are researching these topics, try using these search terms in the library catalog:
United States. -- Weather Bureau.
Meteorological stations -- Vermont -- Northfield.
Norwich University -- History -- 20th century.
Meteorological services -- Vermont -- Northfield.
The collection is open. However, forty-eight hours notice is required to access these records.
Many items in the University Archives are one-of-a-kind resources that are not likely to be available anywhere but here. For this reason, forming citations for archival sources is a little different than for books and periodicals. If you need to cite anything from this collection, follow the format below: Identification of specific item; Date (if known); U.S. Weather Bureau, Northfield Station, Records, Box and/or Folder and/or Item Identification; Norwich University Archives, Kreitzberg Library, Northfield, VT. Here’s an example from the collection:
Letter from M. W. Dow to George H. Burnham, 24 December 1945. U.S. Weather Bureau, Northfield Station Records, Box 4, Correspondence 1943-1945 file, Norwich University Archives, Kreitzberg Library, Northfield, VT.
Extent: 4 Boxes (4 linear feet) Collection Location: Archives B12.1 Language(s) of Material: English Repository: Norwich University Archives, Kreitzberg Library, 158 Harmon Dr., Northfield, VT 05663 USA, Phone: 802.485.2947, Fax: 802.485.2173, firstname.lastname@example.org
Box 1 Weather observer records, 1943-1954, 1958-1964, 1966-1974 Box 2 Weather observer records, 1967-1976 Box 3 Weather observer records, 1977-1988 Box 4 Weather observer records, 1988-1993 Weather observer records, 1989-1994 Correspondence, 1943-1956 (2 files) Weather reports in newspapers and press releases, 1943-1949 News clippings, 1945-1946 and 1991 Miscellaneous records, 1887-1994 U.S.D.A. weather publications, 1900-1939
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